The Cardiovascular Effects of GLP-1 Receptor Agonists: A Literature Review

By Veron V. Yala MD, Advanced DOH (JLI) and MSc Diabetes (USW) I. Background  Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a complex metabolic disorder that occurs when there is a rise in glycaemia secondary to the inability of the pancreas to produce enough insulin or the inability to use it effectively (IDF, 2017).  The prevalence of diabetes…

Managing Hypertension – the 2018 ESC Guidelines and beyond

Dr Asif Qasim, Reporting for MedShr The ESC Hypertension Guidelines released at ESC in Munich in September 2018, were jointly developed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Society of Hypertension (ESH). The guidelines provide recommendations in diagnosis, evaluating risk, when and how to treat hypertension and risk reduction with both lifestyle…